The baby of 1~3 months seems to understand nothing. Feeding, licking, bathing, and touching every day, in addition to big eyes and small eyes, what else can you do?

1.Listen and say children’s songs

Choose some simple and interesting children’s songs to tell the children every day that the last word of each sentence should be easy to pronounce, or you can record it to your child. It is best to have expressions and movements when listening to children’s songs. Mothers can shake their children and walk around with their children rhythmically.

Try to have your child imitate after repeating it many times. Children’s participation not only promotes their understanding of gestures and expressions, but also increases their interest. I know to play with small animals, vehicles and other image toys, let the children know the name of the toy.

2.Parents say baby language

The parents of newborn babies like to talk to their children with the words “un-gu-gu” and “bu-be-bu”. These words seem to be meaningless in the eyes of others, but they actually help the baby’s brain development. When the baby hears the parents consciously talking to them, the brain becomes more active.

When the child is awake, sing or chat with him, call his name, use simple, vivid words. Exaggerated reactions to the child’s expressions, voices, and body movements. He may not seem to respond, but you still have to do something. Brain filling, “Baby, mom is going to change diapers for you now.” “Baby, I am a mother, mom~mother~”, “Yeah, are you hungry, how about we eat a milk?”

3.Caress

Studies have shown that the first communication that the baby gets and the first language development are through the skin. Therefore, attention and touch are a kind of child’s need, and it is also a language way for children to feel others. It is a better way of communication. It is not only the performance of parents’ care and care for children, but also the psychological needs of children’s “skin hunger”, so that children can enjoy the silent love of their parents. Among the various methods of developing early infant intelligence, the best way to promote brain development is to caress.

4.Give him a sense of security and happiness

Embrace the child more, give him enough physical contact, and let him continue to feel the warmth of his parents and caregivers. Give him a safe environment and don’t let the child undergo stress or trauma, both physically and psychologically. Pay attention to your child’s emotional changes and understand some of the signals he sends. Such a small child will not be spoiled, and any of his needs should be responded to.

5.How to bring him to play?

Give your child some toys that are safe, such as colorful rattles, teether, and cloth toys, even if he doesn’t play. Let him see some picture books and family albums. If he is not interested, don’t be stubborn. Children of this age are very interested in faces, you can play games with your children. Hanging a soft mirror on the side of the crib, he also likes to see himself through the mirror.

Create a safe environment for your child to explore and roam, and enjoy a “floor time” with him every day. Encourage your child to play with blocks and soft toys to help develop his hand-eye coordination, fine movements and sense of accomplishment. Choose the right but not expensive toys, sometimes children prefer the common items at home. Paying more attention to children is more important than giving toys.
Play hide-and-seek or clap hands with your child to stimulate child’s memory. Bring children to other children and adults.

Language and cognitive ability

Sing or chat with children as they dress, bathe, feed, play, walk, and ride. Your child may not understand what you are saying, but by listening to you, his language skills will be cultivated. If the child does not seem to hear or can’t make a sound, take him to the doctor. Talk to your child face to face. If he makes a sound, you can encourage him by imitating his voice. Telling the story to the child every day, for him, the voice of the parents is “good voice of China.” It won’t take long for him to be happy to “see” the picture book. If you want to speak a foreign language, you can.

 

 

  • 10-12 month baby feeding:

In the 10-12 months of babies, the majority of the daily nutrition comes from complementary foods. Therefore, under the premise that the baby learns to chew food and learn to grind the food with the gums, it is added to the food supplement twice a day and gradually becomes the third food supplement. But to control the baby’s meal time, limited to 20 to 30 minutes. During this period, we should pay attention to the nutritional balance of the baby, and we must evenly balance the diet. Since the individual differences of the baby have become more and more obvious at this time, as long as the food that the baby likes to eat is okay, do not compare with other infants. Due to the gradual addition of the number of complementary foods and the amount of food, the amount of milk consumed by the baby can be gradually reduced from 10 to 12 months. Under normal circumstances, the baby’s food intake for 10 to 12 months is 1/3 to 1/2 of the adult’s food intake. The food for each meal is about half a small bowl. It is enough to add some milk to the baby.

Baby food preparation for 10 to 12 months don’t need to make into mud or paste like previous months. Some vegetables can be cut into silk or thin slices. Because of the constant chewing training, the baby has already bitten the food with the gums at this time, and after a period of chewing food, the baby has not liked the soft food or semi-liquid food. Due to the change in meals, the interval between meals is longer, so can eat a small amount of snacks, but pay attention to the nutritional value and digestibility of the snacks.

  • 10-12 month baby’s body development:

The length of a 10-month baby will continue to increase, giving the impression that he is thin. The average weight of a baby boy is 9.91 kg and the baby girl is 9.4 kg. The average length of the baby boy is 75.43 cm and the baby girl is 73.99 cm. At this time, the baby can stand alone for a moment, can crawl quickly, and Adults will hold hands and walk away, the child of this age is also a period of transition to an upright position. Once the child will sit alone, he will no longer sit honestly, just think Stand up. The child can pull up the railing to stand up from the lying position or the seat, pull the mother with both hands or hold the things and move. Some children have learned to pick up things in one hand during this time. As the child learns to open his fingers at will, he will start to like to throw things.

At 11 months, the baby boy weighs 7.9 to 12.0 kg, and the length is 69.6 to 80.2 cm. The weight of the baby girl is 7.2 to 11.3 kg, and the length is 67.5 to 78.7 cm. . At this time, the baby grows 4 to 6 teeth. The baby has been able to walk with one hand of the parent and can hold the cart forward or turn away. He will also stretch his legs when wearing pants. The spoon has a special meaning for the child, not only can be used as a drumstick, but also can learn to send food to the mouth. He can sit and play smoothly, sit on a low chair without any difficulty, and walk on the furniture.

At 12 months, the weight of the baby boy is 8.1 to 12.4 kg, and the length is 70.7 to 81.5 cm. The weight of the baby girl is 7.4 to 11.6 kg, and the length is 68.6 to 80. 0 cm. Growing 6-8 teeth. (The number of teeth will be different from person to person) At this time, the baby can stand up, sit down, and walk more agile around the furniture. He doesn’t have to help, he can stand alone and walk a few steps. When standing, you can bend down to pick things up, and try to climb some low furniture. Some babies are already able to walk on their own, although they are not quite stable, but they are very interested in walking. This change makes the children’s eyes wide open.

  • 10-12 month baby brain development:

Emotional development: As time goes by, the child’s self-concept becomes more mature, likes to be praised, and proactively close to the children. You used to expect him to be obedient when he was comfortable, but now it is difficult to do so, he will express his needs in his own way. At this time, the baby has been able to perform the simple request made by the adult. He will interact with adults with facial expressions, simple language and movements. Children can try to give toys to others in this period. The mood also began to be affected by the mood of the mother. Like to socialize with adults and imitate adult behavior.

Language development: At this time, the baby can accurately understand the meaning of simple words. Under the reminder of adults, he will call father and mother, grandma, aunt, etc.; There will be some actions that express the meaning of the word, such as erecting a finger to indicate that one year old; can imitate the voice of an adult and speak some simple words. At this time, although the child speaks less, he can express his wishes and requirements with words and begin to communicate with others in language. Imitating and speaking some words, the “sound” that is emitted begins to have a certain specific meaning, which is the characteristic of the children’s language pronunciation at this stage.

What should parents do?

  1. Interact with people. At this time, the baby has a certain ability to move, has a wider interest in the surrounding world, has social needs and strong curiosity. Therefore, parents should also take time out to play games with children every day for emotional communication. An optimistic, caring family atmosphere will make children happy, and willing to interact with others. Parents should also take children out of the activities frequently, let children contact more with colorful nature, contact with the society, observe and learn the experience of people’s interactions, and continue to cultivate the manners and words of civility and politeness in the process of children’s interaction with others.
  2. Guide children to actively pronounce and imitate pronunciation in daily life, and actively create a good language environment for babies. Let the children learn to use the “uncle”, “auntie”, “brother”, “sister” to hello to the surrounding people. If the adult asks “What is this?” Let the child answer. Encourage the child to imitate the expression and voice of the parents. When he succeeds, we can kiss him and encourage him happily.

 

  • 7-9 month baby feeding:
  1. After breastfeeding your baby for 8 months, even if your breast milk is sufficient, you should gradually practice semi-weaning.The reason is that the nutrients in breast milk are insufficient to meet the baby’s growth and development needs. Therefore, in this month, breast milk doesn’t need to be completely weaned, but it can no longer be based on breast milk. It is necessary to add a variety of milk substitute foods.
  2. Feed the baby with milk. At this time, you can’t use milk as the staple food for your baby. You should increase the milk substitute food, but the amount of milk should be kept between 500-600 ml per day.
  3. Continue to add complementary foods, edible chopped vegetables, eggs, porridge, noodles, fish, minced meat, etc. The nature of complementary food should also be soft and semi-solid. A few babies do not like to eat porridge at this time, but they are interested in rice eaten by adults. Let the baby try to eat some. If no indigestion occurs, it can be used later.
  4. The variety of vegetables for the baby should be varied, such as: carrots, tomatoes, onions, etc. For those who often have constipation, spinach, cabbage, radish, onion and other foods containing more fiber.
  5. After the baby is 8 months old, you can slice apples, pears, peaches and other fruits into thin slices and let the baby take them. Bananas, grapes, and oranges can be hold with the whole object.

Baby recipes for this age can be formulated with reference to the following criteria:

7 am: 200 ml of milk
11 noon: a small bowl of porridge, 30 grams of vegetables, 1/2 egg
3 pm: 200 ml of milk
6 pm: more than half a bowl of porridge, 30 grams of fish or 30 grams of minced meat, 30 grams of tofu
9-10 pm: 200 ml of milk

  • 7-9 month baby body development:

For seven months of babies, physical development begins to level off. If the two front teeth in the below have not yet grown, this month may grow. If you have grown, the two front teeth in the top may grow out. At seven months, the baby boy’s weight is 6.4 to 10.3 kg, and the body length is 64.1 to 74.8 cm. The baby girl’s weight is 5.9 to 9.6 kg and the body length is 62.2 to 72.9 cm. Some babies have grown 2 to 4 teeth. If you hold the baby in a straight position, he will not need to support it and still be able to sit. The development of a child from a lying position to a sitting position is a major advancement in the development of movement. When he observes the world from this new starting point, he will find that the hand can do a lot of amazing things. He may have learned how to transfer items from one hand to the other, turning from side to side and reversing.Turning over has been quite flexible. At this time, although the child is still unable to stand, the legs can support most of the weight. When you hold his armpit, he can jump up and down. When he sit at the table, he can scratch the table with your hand. He can reach the toys on the table, tear the paper, shake and beat the toy. Both hands can grab two toys at the same time.

The average boys in eight months is about 71.0 cm; the average girls is about 69.1 cm. The average weight of the boys is about 8.80 kg; the girls is about 8.20 kg. At this point, the child can sit up without support, sit very stable, sit for a few minutes alone, or sit and play while not dumping. Although he still leans forward from time to time, he can almost support it with his arms. Now he can turn over at will, and if you don’t pay attention, he will flip, from prone to supine position, or from supine to prone position. So don’t let your child be alone at all times. At this point the baby has reached a new development milestone – climb. At the beginning, the baby climbed in three stages. Some children climbed backwards. Some children swayed in the same place, and some climbed forward. This is a process of climbing. After the baby’s limbs are well coordinated, he can stand up and climb with his knees, lift his head and neck, and leave the chest and abdomen off the bed. Can climb and climb in bed. At this time, he may really like to listen to the sound of the book and the tearing of the paper. Whether he has teeth or not, he will eat small biscuits and have chewing movement .

The 9-month-old male baby weighs 7.2 to 11.3 kg and has a body length of 67.0 to 77.6 cm. The baby girl has a weight of 6.6 to 10.5 kg and a body length of 65.0 to 75.9 cm. At this point, the baby grows 2 to 4 teeth. When standing up, the back, hips and legs can be straightened, and he can stand for a while. He can grab the railing and stand up from the seat. He can stand up and walk horizontally with feet. From the original hand and knee crawling to the skilled hand and foot crawling, from uncoordinated to coordinated, he can change direction and even climb high.

  • 7-9 month baby brain development:

Language development: The child squeaks or screams from the early stages to the identifiable syllables. He will clumsily sound like “mother” or “bye bye”. When you are very happy, he will feel that he has something to say, and soon he will use the voice of “mother” to summon you or attract your attention. Now that he can understand more languages, your communication has a new meaning. Before he can say a lot of words, he can understand more words than you think. Talking to your child as much as possible can increase your child’s ability to understand, tell him what is going on around him, and make your language simple and special.

Cognitive development: At this time, the baby will find the toy and recognize the familiar things. Respond to his name. he will eat biscuits myself, and he will be afraid of many things. He Can understand the simple meaning of words, understand the praise and criticism expressed by adults in language and expression; use voices and actions to express bowel movements. He has learned to shake with the music rhythmically and be able to recognize some of the items on the picture. For example, he can find a few pictures that he is familiar with from a large number of pictures. Deliberately imitate some movements, such as: drinking water, stirring with water in a spoon. Maybe he already knows that adults are talking about themselves.

  • 4-6 month baby feeding:

The amount of food intake varies greatly among children aged 4-6 months, I still hope to insist on exclusive breastfeeding at this time. If artificial feeding, the average child can eat enough for 150 ml per meal, while some children with fast growth will obviously have more milk than children of the same age. It is not enough to eat 200 ml at a time. Some have to add cake powder. When the child can eat some porridge, the amount of milk can be reduced a little, but such a child should still use milk as the main food.

In addition to breastfeeding, in this period ,children should gradually increase the amount of semi-liquid food in preparation for eating solid food in the future. As the baby grows with age, the digestive enzymes secreted in the stomach increase. Some starchy semi-liquid foods can be eaten. Start with 1-2 spoons and gradually increase. Don’t feed if the child doesn’t like it. Don’t force him. When you increase the food such as rice porridge, you can stop feeding the cake powder. In order to supplement the body’s vitamin C, in addition to continue to give children to eat fruit juice and fresh vegetable water, you can also do some vegetable puree and fruit puree to feed the child. In the process of adding complementary food, it is necessary to pay attention to whether the child’s stool is normal and whether there is any unsuitable condition. The added amount should not be too much each time, so that the child’s digestive system gradually adapts.

Feeding time can be fed at 6:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00, 22:00, and fresh fruit juice between feedings. Calcium tablets can be fed 3 times a day, 2 tablets each time. Cod liver oil is fed twice a day, 2 to 3 drops each time.

Method of making complementary food:

  1. Watermelon paste: Remove the watermelon and crush it in a container with a small spoon. There is a diuretic effect in summer.
  2. Banana porridge:Take the appropriate amount of bananas and milk, put them in a pot, cook while stirring, and become banana porridge. Add a little honey after turning off the heat. This is especially true for children with constipation.
  3. Pear sauce:The pears are washed and peeled, cut into thin slices, boiled with a proper amount of rock sugar and water, boiled into a paste, and ground into a mud. For coughing children have a certain effect.
  4. Orange paste: Remove the orange petals from the endothelium and nucleus, place in a container, and add a little honey to stir. The content of vitamin C is high.

 

  • 4-6 month baby’s body development

The baby’s body is getting stronger and stronger in 4 months. The average weight of the boys is 7.4 kg, the average girls is 6.9 kg, the average height of the boys is 65.1 cm, and the average girls is 63.5 cm. The rapid growth of 3 months ago has gradually stabilized, and the daily weight gain is about 17 grams, and the baby development is relatively stable. He can use his forearm to support his head, and his upper limps can support his upper body. The small hand can hold the things around and will hold the small toy handed over. Seeing what he like will move and want to catch. The head can be balanced when hung up and can be flipped from the supine position to the lateral position.

The growth rate of five months is getting slower and slower. The average weight of boys is 7.8 kg, the average girls is 7.3 kg, the average height of boyd is 66.7 cm, and the average girls is 65.2 cm. The daily weight gain is about 13 grams, and the amount is increasing less and less. He can more skillfully turn from the supine position to the lateral position, then to the prone position, he can sit on parents’ legs ,he will put things in his mouth.

The average weight of 6 months is 8.2 kg for boys and 7.7 kg for girls. The average height of boys is 68.2 cm, and the average girls is 66.6 cm. The weight gain is equivalent to 5 months, about 13 grams per day, but it will vary depending on your baby’s condition. Baby develops rapidly in 4-6 months. He can hold his hand forward and sit alone for a while. When he stands up, his legs will do the jumping action. He will hold the things with both hands at the same time. There will be a hand change, knock, pinch, etc., which will shake the sounding toy.

  • 4-6 month baby brain development:

When the baby grows for 4-6 months, he begins to have a clear understanding of himself. During this time, the child’s brain is the most sensitive and fastest growing period, and the brain is of the most demanding period for stimulation and learning. It is called “early window” of development.4 months of babies, with a relatively complete visual function, he can look at distant objects and begin to visually reflect. Will pay attention to himself in the mirror.

 

The 5-month-old baby begins to recognize the person and recognize the mother, can hear the mother’s voice and express happiness. Start to recognize stranger , do not like to let the stranger hold, he can make some simple monosyllables. The scope of visual attention has expanded, and he will pay attention to things he often use, such as small spoons, bottles, and so on. Can do simple games, such as looking at mirrors, hiding cats, etc.

6 months old baby will unconsciously issue “Dad”, “Mom” and other sounds. It also emits more complex sounds, such as “a”, “o”, “e”, “i”, “u”, etc., which will express different reactions with different sounds. Start to feel different emotions, crying when he can’t get what he wants. It will show strange and unpleasant reactions to strangers.

What should parents do?

Language training: Language is a tool for human interaction and a tool for expressing personal thought. It is a peculiar psychological phenomenon of human beings. Language development is divided into three aspects: pronunciation, feeling and understanding, and expression. 4-6 months of babies mainly learn pronunciation and understand words. In daily life, speak to baby, induces and strengthens the baby to make meaningful sounds, and can also promote the baby’s understanding of the language by singing children’s songs.

Cognition and interaction training: Your baby’s cognitive and communication skills are developed through games and daily life. The smart father and mother know how to grasp the characteristics of the baby’s monthly age, grasp the “early window” of brain development, choose the right venue, the right toy, the appropriate early education game, and choose the appropriate early education method. “Parent-child early education” can promote children’s all-round development, enhance parent-child relationship, develop potential and cultivate a good personality of the baby. Parents should maintain a happy mood, control the speed of playing with 4-6 months old baby, choose a suitable toy for 4-6 months old baby to play with the baby, let the baby learn to play.

  • 0-3 months baby feeding:

Because the organ function of newborn babies is not yet fully developed, the ability to digest and absorb is also weak, so parents should pay special attention to feeding newborn babies.

1.Breastfeeding

Newborns recommend breastfeeding, breast milk is rich in nutrients, it can enhance children’s resistance, and it is important for baby growth and development. Breastfeeding is fed by the need of the infant and does not require regular quantitative feeding. Breastfeeding does not require water.

2.Milk feeding

Mixed feeding and artificial feeding, choose formula milk powder, milk powder should be prepared according to the proportion, milk powder can’t be too thick or too thin. Note that the bottle should be disinfected in time. The baby is not finished once and should not be left for the next time for milk .

Feeding Tips:

  1. Newborns can’t easily change the brand of milk powder. The formula of each brand of milk powder is different.The newborns digestive system is still not perfect, and changing the milk powder will cause the baby to adapt.
  2. Make sure your newborn baby has 20 hours of sleep every day.
  3. Take vitamin D after 14 days of birth.
  4. When feeding milk, pay attention to water temperature and prevent burns.
  • 0-3 month baby’s body development

Physiological index: At three months, the baby boy weighed 4.1 to 7.7 kg, and the length was 55.8 to 66.4 cm; the baby girl was 3.9 to 7.0 cm and the length was 54.6 to 64.5 cm.

Sleep index: Sufficient sleep is one of the prerequisites for the health of newborns and infants. The younger the age, the longer the sleep time, and the baby can sleep for about 20 hours every day within a few days after birth. In addition to eating milk, crying, and defecation, it is basically in a sleep state.

Physical fitness index: In the first few months, the neck muscles became stronger. At first, the baby can only lift his head for a few seconds. The muscles increase each time when the head is raised. By 3 months of age, babies can lift their heads and support their forearms. At this stage, arm and hand movements develop rapidly. Once a clenched fist, now an open hand grabs and hits the object. Infants perceive their hands by placing them in front of their faces and putting them in the mouth. By the end of this period, most babies have reached the following milestones:

  1. Support the head and upper body, stretch the legs and kick
  2. Turn hands on and off , pull it into your mouth
  3. Grab and shake the toy and wave on the shaking object
  4. Follow the eye to move the object and turn your head to face the stimulus
  • 0-3 month brain development:

During this period, the baby’s hearing development is fully mature, he will pay close attention to human voices and will be sensitive to noise. At this age, the child not only has better hearing, but also remembers some of the sounds he hears. He turns his head to familiar voices and language.

Slowly the baby will “see” the object, starting with a short time to stare, even without a focal length, and will not move with the object, the time of blinking will gradually become longer and Will widen eyes. The eyes will become more sensitive and will move with the object.

He is also very sensitive to taste and smell. I like the sweet taste and avoid the bitter or sour smell. He can recognize mother’s milk smell on the weekend of the first week. Babies are also very sensitive to the way that others touch and wrap, prefer a soft rather than rough feeling, don’t like rude feelings. Understand your temper and feelings through your touch before he can understand what you are saying.

What parents can do?

Here are some very simple things you can do with your baby around this time to help her development:

  • Respond to crying: Sometimes babies will cry because something is making them uncomfortable. for example, their nappy is wet , or they’re hungry, or the light is too bright. When you respond to these things, you make your baby feel more comfortable and safe. Cuddle and kiss your baby. This help you baby learn to trust you and rely on you. Even when you don’t know why they are crying , it’s important to comfort your baby during this time. Get to know you baby’s cries. Picking them up , cuddle them , or talk to them in a smoothing voice. Look at your baby’s face while he or she looks at you.
  • Play together:the best toy for your baby is you. Playing with you help your newborn to feel love and secure, and feeling loved and secure helps them develop and learn. Talking and reading to your baby, singing songs like “Twinkle twinkle little star” or other songs you know or playing games are just some of the many ways you can play with your newborn . For older babies, offer a variety of toys, one at a time. Let your baby copy you, and place him in different positions on the floor. So, he can explore in different ways.
  • Smile at your baby. when your baby sees you smile, it releases chemicals in their body that make them feel good . It also helps their brain grow. Smiling plays a part in the connecting and attachment processes.It helps your baby feel secure and safe,and learn about the world .
  • Tummy time: spending some time playing on their tummy each day builds your baby’shead, neck and upper body

strength. They need this strength for lifting their head and for movements they will do later on,like crawling and

pulling up to stand.

  • Baby massage: baby massage is a great way to connect with baby. It can also be relaxing and smoothing if your newborn is cranky. Try it in a warm room after baby has had his bath .